WWW Site for John Lawrence Bencze, Associate Professor, Science Education, OISE/University of Toronto
Theoretical Framework

Description and rationale

Preamble. Framework. Principles.

The STEPWISE theoretical framework, invented in 2006, is a schema for organizing teaching & learning in science and technology education to encourage and enable learners to develop expertise, confidence & motivation for developing and carrying out research-informed & socially-negotiated personal and social actions to overcome harms to wellbeing of individuals, societies & environments - like those depicted at right - that have been linked to fields of science, technology, engineering & mathematics (STEM). A more critical and action-oriented public seems highly necessary, given difficulties that powerful people (e.g., financiers) and groups (e.g., corporations) have had in reducing such harms. This page provides you with some history of and justification for the STEPWISE theoretical framework. If you have questions and/or would like to get involved in this project, contact me at: larry.bencze@utoronto.ca.
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STEPWISE Theoretical Framework
In 2006, I used teaching & learning expectations from the Ontario curriculum to construct a schema for organizing teaching & learning in science and technology that was similar to that shown below (after some minor revisions from the original):

The above framework is intended for broad, international, uses. A version of this framework that uses language from the Ontario curriculum is provided here. In contrast to the above schema, Ontario curricula use the term "Concepts" to refer to what I call "Products," which I think is more appropriate - given the category refers to products of science & technology, such as laws, theories and inventions/innovations. Also, use of "concepts" here seems inappropriate - given that there are concepts associated with all the other categories (e.g., concepts about control of variables, which is considered a 'skill').

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